A lot of individuals think that just because CBD or cannabidiol doesn’t get you high, it is harmless to take it while pregnant.
In theory, this sounds great but may not be totally true. CDB is a compound derived from cannabis plant which the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved to treat serious forms of epilepsy. It is also being offered on the internet as a food supplement to help you relieve nausea, anxiety, stress and other health conditions.
However, despite the many contents on various blogs discussing the health benefits of CBD, no one really knows for a certain the effects of the compound may have on the fetus, be it neutral, negative or positive.
A lot of studies on this matter focuses on cannabis plants rich in THC, which became the primary concern during the past several years.
With CBD becoming more prominent, though, it is not surprising to find out that a lot more women are getting more interested in finding out more about the many ways that cannabis products affect their babies.
Mothers who are expecting, however, should take more precautionary measures. As of to-date, there is no study being done to determine the safety level of CBD for consumption during pregnancy.
Among the latest studies involving rodents on the topic was published by the journal Neuropsychopharmacology in 2017. It shed light to several of the early evidence supporting the claim that CBD could actually be a useful prenatal drug. Nonetheless, rodent experiments are a far cry from clinical studies involving humans. They are a completely different species, after all.
However, it is still worthy to note that the study found that mother rats treated with CBD have lower chances that their baby rodents would develop behavior and memory problems after being exposed to womb infection.
Yet another study involving rodents found that CBD effectively lowered down symptoms of birth defects among rat babies known as Gastroschisis. This is a serious problem that results in the development of intestinal tract outside the body of the baby. The study, which concluded that CBD could be taken to prevent or cure this condition, was published in the Brazillian Journal of Medical and Biological Research.
Experiments conducted by the researchers found that a CBD treatment administered to the mother rats prior to giving birth effectively reduced inflammation. It also concluded that the compound has beneficial effects on the baby rats’ intestinal tract, and thus potentially enhancing outcomes for survival and health.
This study is very important as it offers the first inklings of evidence that the compound can prove helpful in maternal medicine in the future.
Nevertheless, despite these couple of small studies, the effect of the CBD on the overall health of a fetus is still unknown. Several medical experts, however, have a couple of reasons to be worried concerning the use of CBD while pregnant.
CBD for one is said to alter the body’s neurotransmitter system called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is crucial for the fetus’ neurological development. ECS is named after the active compounds found in the cannabis plant. It is a network of cannabinoid signaling molecules which sends out messages from the body to the brain. These cannabinoids also referred to as the “bridge” connecting the body and the mind enables both to respond to changes in the environment.
During pregnancy, endocannabinoid levels fluctuate at some point. Blood levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide during early pregnancy, for instance, drop.
Anandamide also called the “bliss molecule”, is the compound that THC replaces in the body. The risk of miscarriage is higher in the event that anandamide levels escalate during early pregnancy.
Higher anandamide levels during some stages of the pregnancy cycle are also proven, through early experiments involving cultured cells in a lab setting, to hamper the development of the fetus.
Essentially, scientists and medical experts are concerned regarding the effect of CBD on pregnancy since this compound can boost anandamide levels in the blood in an artificial manner.